NORFOLK, Va. — U.S. Fleet Forces Command, facing major infrastructure spending shortfalls, is weighing alternative funding sources to fix them.

Adm. Daryl Caudle told Defense News the military construction budget isn’t sufficient to address some issues at the bases and shipyards under his command.

“Some of the problems, quite frankly, are just too large: If I went and solved one problem, it could take the majority of the MILCON budget” for that year, he said.

Caudle said he’s in talks with Navy civilian leadership and outside groups, including Business Executives for National Security, a nonprofit led by retired Army Gen. Joseph Votel, about pursuing public-private ventures to make near-term facilities improvements. Under this type of arrangement, he said, the work could be completed quickly but the Navy could pay for it over a longer and more manageable timeline, or in some cases pay less for the work.

These ventures are varied arrangements. Under one type of deal, a private company pays upfront for a project, and the government pays it back through usage fees. In another, the government finances a project using grant money aimed at achieving a certain outcome, such as reducing carbon emissions or making an area safer for pedestrians.

Caudle said the Navy is five years into a 20-year, $20-plus billion Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Program to modernize the four public ship repair yards.

“A lot of the infrastructure that’s currently under the SIOP plan could take all of the air out of the room from the MILCON budget,” he said, noting private investors could instead fund the yard overhauls and the Navy could “pay them back over, again, a longer [10- or 15-year] approach.”

He also pointed to the cluster of sailor suicides on the aircraft carrier George Washington, which is nearing the end of its long-term refueling and overhaul period at HII’s Newport News Shipbuilding yard. An investigation pointed to significant quality-of-life issues for the crew, including a one-mile walk from their ship to the parking lot.

Though the Navy on its own cannot solve this — and Newport News Shipbuilding has tried in the past to create additional parking but has not been able to keep up with demand — Caudle said he thought the Navy’s civilian leaders were well positioned to bring together federal, state and local lawmakers and area businesses to develop a solution under this public-private venture model.

“The navy secretariat is on board with these types of approaches. They know we’re very constrained in the facilities part of our budget, and so I’m soliciting their help to generate some of those connective tissues that they are really geared and organized to go do,” he told Defense News in an interview this spring.

Caudle said he has been working with Meredith Berger, the assistant secretary of the Navy for energy, installations and environment, on the matter, while Navy spokesman Lt. Cmdr. James Adams told Defense News the two are seeking “to explore a variety of creative alternative financial opportunities.”

“Congress has provided a variety of authorities that allows us to leverage and blend external capital to construct and/or renovate critical infrastructure,” Adams said, noting Naval Station Mayport in Florida recently completed a utility privatization contract to recapitalize its entire waste water treatment infrastructure.

“The Department of the Navy is committed to continuously looking for new ways to be innovative, to leverage our congressional authorities, and to build partnerships to support our mission, sailors, Marines, and our community outside the fence line,” he continued.

The Navy in September signed a first-of-its-kind agreement that gives the service access to California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard market; under the agreement, the Navy earns credits when it buys the low-carbon fuel, and it can use those credits to help finance upgrades to the electrical infrastructure at Naval Base San Diego. In the seven months since the agreement was signed, the Navy already earned $4.5 million to make its electrical infrastructure more resilient and more eco-friendly. On April 26, the Navy expanded the agreement to cover the nearby Naval Base Coronado and Naval Base Point Loma.

In another example, Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany in Georgia was able to become the Defense Department’s first net-zero energy installation last year.

The base is continuing its efforts this year, partnering with Georgia Power to install charging stations to support an all-electric vehicle fleet for the base. Through the agreement, the power company is paying for the underlying infrastructure that connects the new chargers to the base’s power grid; the Marine Corps would then cover the cost of the chargers and the vehicles. Adams said this project “increases the resilience of the installation while benefiting the community by leveraging energy financing, industry expertise, and community partnerships.”

Caudle said he’s eying some public-private ventures that would improve quality of life. The Navy wants to use land at Naval Air Station Oceana in Virginia to bring in more restaurants and shopping, which could be accomplished under this model.

Other projects the admiral has in mind are more urgent. Caudle said the Navy has a big vulnerability in its aging electrical distribution systems in some Norfolk-area facilities. The power company is working with the Navy to map out the electrical distribution grid right now. If the Navy got authorization to enter a public-private venture, the power company could come in and upgrade that grid itself, and the Navy would pay the company back over time.

“Think of running our electrical distribution system as a service, [instead of] me actually having to own and operate it,” Caudle said.

Adams said this could be accomplished under a model similar to that used for the Mayport waste water system.

Though this isn’t an approach the Navy or Pentagon has traditionally used, James Geurts, the former assistant secretary of the Navy for research, development and acquisition, said he highly recommends the services consider it.

Speaking at the annual Sea-Air-Space conference April 4, he said “we have a horrendous infrastructure problem in the DoD, whether it’s the Air Force depots or shipyards and all that. That’s an area where I think this large capital marketplace with the right public-private partnerships could serve us much better, to conserve our DoD procurement dollars to go buy ships, not build dry docks.”

Megan Eckstein is the naval warfare reporter at Defense News. She has covered military news since 2009, with a focus on U.S. Navy and Marine Corps operations, acquisition programs and budgets. She has reported from four geographic fleets and is happiest when she’s filing stories from a ship. Megan is a University of Maryland alumna.

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