TAIPEI — Taiwan's Navy seeks to procure eight to 10 MH-60R Seahawk anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopters via the US Foreign Military Sales program to replace aging MD500 "Defender" helicopters, a local defense industry source said.
Taiwan's Ministry of National Defense confirmed that the MD500s are scheduled for retirement and that it was seeking a replacement.
The revelation comes on the heels of news that Lockheed Martin will acquire Sikorsky Aircraft, maker of the Seahawk, from United Technologies for $9 billion. The new Seahawks will also augment the Navy's existing inventory of 18 S-70C(M) ASW helicopters now in operation.
"Some of the older S-70s' mission equipment and avionics is outdated," the defense industry source said. The MH-60Rs will be able to take up some of the heavy lifting.
"This is good news. The MH-60R program is essential to Taiwan's maritime security and represents an important new capability for the ROCN," said Rupert Hammond-Chambers, president, US-Taiwan Business Council, Arlington, Virginia. "The main issue is ensuring the budget is suitable for a program of this cost as Taiwan's ruling party continues to underinvest in the defense budget.
"It is also noteworthy that if the MH-60R LoR is accepted this fall it will be the first new program for new equipment that would result in a new capability since the autumn of 2006. This in the face of ongoing reporting by the Bush and Obama administrations that the cross-strait military threat expands annually."
The MD500s are now "worn out" and "couldn't find a submarine unless it was washed up on the beach," the defense industry source said. They could still use some of the MD500s for pilot training, but they are finished as an operational platform, he said.
Taiwan has been beefing up its ASW missions with the replacement of two squadrons of Northrop Grumman S-2T Turbo Trackers with 12 refurbished P-3C Orion ASW aircraft.
However, after 700 people were killed by Typhoon Morakot in 2009, Taiwan's President Ma Ying-jeou announced that 15 of the aircraft would be given to the National Airborne Service Corps (NASC), under the Ministry of Interior, for humanitarian missions. The NASC has a mix of helicopters for rescue and transport missions: AS365N1/N2, S-76B, UH-1H and B234/CH-47.
Taiwan still needs additional Sikorsky UH-60M Black Hawk utility helicopters to replace the 15 Black Hawks transferred to the NASC and to replace the 45 remaining Bell UH-1H utility helicopters. These additional Black Hawks would properly equip its third battalion, the 603 Army Aviation Battalion, now outfitted with nine Boeing CH-47D Chinook cargo helicopters and other training helicopters.
The 601 and 602 are outfitted at present with a combination of older AH-1W Super Cobra attack helicopters and UH-1Hs, and new AH-64 Apache Longbow attack helicopters.
However, the US-based defense industry analyst said there have been no specifics about "a follow-on UH buy, although replacement for the remaining UH-1Hs is both logical and justified, made all the more necessary by Ma's decision to give 15 Black Hawks to the disaster relief authorities. The better question is: when will the money become sufficiently available to fund such a costly program?"
Taiwan's defense industry/community criticized Ma's decision because the MH-60M was a combat configuration, not for search and rescue. The sudden announcement put pressure on the US government's FMS program to make late adjustments, which resulted in no significant changes in the first nine aircraft.
Additional announcements and news are expected next month as Taiwan and US defense industry officials, along with government officials from both Taipei and Washington, gather at the upcoming biennial Taipei Aerospace and Defense Technology Exhibition, Aug. 13-16. So far, 102 exhibitors will display their wares with 265 booths.
US exhibitors will include General Dynamics Mission Systems, Lockheed Martin and Rockwell Collins. Taiwan exhibitors will include Aerospace Industrial Development Corp., Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology, Ministry of National Defense, National Space Organization, Trivet Industrial Corporation, and U&U Engineering. This year the show will include its first UAV exhibition area.