US President Barrack Obama (L) shakes hands with his Kenyan counterpart Uhuru Kenyatta on July 25, 2015 at the State House in Nairobi. Obama arrived in Africa on a five-day tour with stops in his father's homeland of Kenya, before traveling to Ethiopia. AFP PHOTO / SIMON MAINA (Photo credit should read SIMON MAINA/AFP/Getty Images)
GABORONE, Botswana — The US has donated Sh9.5 billion Kenyan shillings (US $92.4 million) to the Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) to fund soldier training and new military equipment acquisitions and sustain the counterterror war against Somali militant group Al Shabaab al-Shabab.
Speaking at a July 25 joint press conference with Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta at the end of his visit to Nairobi last week, US President Barack Obama said the fund is part of a broader bilateral security cooperation project meant to increase US military support for the KDF fight against terrorism in Somalia.
"Today we discussed deepening security cooperation between our governments and signed an action plan in which we will support Kenya's judiciary, police and border security," Obama said. "We also discussed broader efforts to counter violent extremism here in Kenya and around the world."
The new allocation is a 163 percent increase in US funding for the KDF counterterror war, up from Sh3.8 billion shillings donated for the same purpose last year. From the Sh9.5 billion shillings, an estimated Sh2.52 billion shillings will be used to provide for the Kenyan Rangers Regiment, a KDF Sspecial operationsForces unit which is leading the fight against al-Shabab.
Among other projects, the money will be used to train, equip and provide logistical support for border security forces; support interagency intelligence sharing and gathering; and improve force protection by providing explosives detection equipment and troop carriers built to withstand improvised explosive device (IED) bomb attacks.
Unnamed KDF officials told media in Nairobi that Sh1.9 billion shillings will be used to buy unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for use in border surveillance operations along the Somali border. Kenya says the porous border allows al-Shabab gunmen to enter Kenyan territory and carry out attacks such as the June 2013 siege of a Nairobi shopping mall, in which 67 people were killed. A similar attack at Garissa University near to the northeastern border with Somalia killed 147 people in April this year.
Al-Shabab The militant group says the attacks are aimed at forcing the KDF to withdraw from Somalia.
Apart from the US package, the KDF has an acquisition plan reflected in the Kenya's 2014-2015 budget, which allocated $205.6 million for the procurement of 10 new military helicopters. An additional $12.6 million is for the refurbishment of three grounded Russian-made Mi-17 attack helicopters, while $11.4 million will be spent on leasing 10 helicopters for the Kenyan Police Service Air Wing to widen national airspace surveillance operations.
In 2013, the KDF mechanized unit acquired 76 Serbian-made armored personnel carriers (APCs); 32 of which had been were delivered by the end of 2014.
The Kenyan Navy received a boost last month when the US Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEC) floated a Foreign Military Sales (FMS) for the supply of will receive six new 4.7 meter-long rigid hulled inflatable boats (RIBS). Delivery is set for by the end of 2016. In 2012, the US donated This will be a follow-up to another US donation of six used patrol boats delivered in 2012 to the Navy.
Defense market analysts project that Kenyan defense spending will increase up to 2019 due to its continuing engagement in Somalia. Training and equipment needs for border security forces and for border-monitoring intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) assets for border monitoring are also expected to contribute to increased defense spending.
Between March 2015 and November 2018, the Pentagon spent about $300 million to fly aerial refueling missions in support of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and others engaged in the nearly eight-year conflict.