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ANKARA, Turkey — Turkey on Jan. 30 claimed that a Russian military aircraft violated its airspace, slightly more than two months after it shot down a Russian Su-24 based on the same claim.

The Turkish Foreign Ministry said that a Russian Su-34 violated Turkish airspace on Jan. 29, although it was warned repeatedly by Turkish radar units in Turkish and Russian.

A ministry statement said: “A Russian Su-34 fighter jet violated Turkish airspace yesterday (Jan. 29) at 11.46 a.m. local time in Turkey [0946 GMT].”

It said Russia’s ambassador to Ankara, Andrei Karlov, was summoned over the incident.

Two Turkish F-16s shot down a Russian Su-24 on Nov. 24 after it briefly violated Turkish airspace along Turkey’s border with Syria. Turkish-Russian relations were badly strained after the incident. Moscow announced a slew of commercial sanctions on Turkey, which Ankara calculated could cost the country up to $9 billion.

Russian President Vladimir Putin threatened that Russia’s retaliation would not be “limited to commercial sanctions only.”

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan told reporters Jan. 30 that the violation of Turkish airspace, which he also described as NATO airspace, was a result of Russian attempts to escalate existing tension in the region.

“Russia will have to bear the consequences if the violations continue," he said.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said: “I call on Russia to act responsibly and to fully respect NATO airspace … Russia must take all necessary measures to ensure that such violations do not happen again.”

Russian Defence Ministry on Jan. 30 denied any violation of Turkish airspace.

“There were no violations of Turkish airspace by aircraft of the Russian air group in the Syrian Arab Republic. Turkish authorities' statements of an alleged violation of Turkish airspace by a Russian Su-34 jet are naked propaganda," spokesperson Maj. Gen. Igor Konashenkov was quoted as saying by Russia's Sputnik news agency.

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